(The American Museum in Britain)
Clinton, son of the Royal Governor of New York, George Clinton, journeyed to England as a young man where he took a military commission with the Coldstream Guards in 1751. He distinguished himself as a soldier during the Seven Years' War, and as a result, in 1772 he was promoted to the rank of major general and obtained a seat in Parliament. In 1775, Clinton arrived in the colonies and played an active role in the successful capture of New York City via the Battle of Long Island. Following General Howe’s deplorable failure to assist Burgoyne in New York, Clinton replaced him as commander in chief of Britain's North American forces in 1778.